A Discipleship Test

A little test, for those of us who claim the title of Christian… Let us take a moment to evaluate how well we are following His commands, and discern if we are, in fact; Christians, or if we are just imposters and chaff which will be burned away. Following is a list of direct commands of Christ to all of his followers:

  1. “Follow me”
  2. “Repent, for the kingdom of God is near”
  3. “Let your light shine before others”
  4. “Rejoice, (when you are persecuted) and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven”
  5. “Before offering a gift to God, first be reconciled with your fellow”
  6. “If a body part causes you to sin, remove it”
  7. “Swear no oath – let a yes be yes and a no be no”
  8. “If someone slaps you on the cheek, turn the other cheek”
  9. “Go the extra mile”
  10. “Give to the person that asks from you, and do not turn away the one that wishes to borrow”
  11. “Love your enemies, pray for your persecutors”
  12. “Do not practice righteousness in front of others”
  13. “When you pray, do not imitate the hypocrites”
  14. “Forgive those that sin against you”
  15. “Don’t be somber in fasting, but joyous”
  16. “Don’t store up earthly treasures”
  17. “Do not worry about your life, clothes, food or tomorrow”
  18. “Do not judge others”
  19. “Tend to your sins before pointing out the sins of others”
  20. “Do to others what you would have them do to you”
  21. “Beware of false prophets”
  22. “Give mercy rather than sacrifice”
  23. “Freely you have received, freely give”
  24. “Acknowledge me before others”
  25. “Come to me, take my yoke”
  26. “Whoever has ears, hear”
  27. “Take courage, be not afraid”
  28. “Listen and understand”
  29. “Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees”
  30. “Deny yourself, take up your cross and follow me”
  31. “Get up, don’t be afraid”
  32. “Become like a child”
  33. “Do not despise children”
  34. “Forgive seventy times seven”
  35. “What God has joined together, let no man separate”
  36. “Do not murder, commit adultery, steal, or give false testimony”
  37. “Honour your father and mother, love your neighbour as yourself”
  38. “Sell your possessions and give to the poor”
  39. “Whoever wants to become great must be a servant”
  40. “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is Gods”
  41. “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind, and love your neighbour as yourself”
  42. “Do everything they tell you (teachers of the law). But do not do what they do”
  43. “Watch out that no one (those claiming my name) deceive you”
  44. “Keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come”
  45. “Keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour”
  46. “Whatever you do for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you do for me”
  47. “Ask in my name, and it will be given to you. Seek and you will find”
  48. “Be as shrewd as serpents, and innocent as doves”
  49. Do not fear those who can kill the body, only He that can kill the soul”
  50. “This IS my body, this IS my blood. Do this in memory of me”
  51. “All who draw the sword will die by the sword”
  52. “Use well what you are given that you may receive an abundance”
  53. “When you give alms, do not let your left hand know what your right is doing”
  54. “When you pray, enter secretly into a closet”
  55. “When you fast… do not let it be known to man… but to the Father in secret”
  56. “Do not gather earthly treasures… lay up treasures for yourself in heaven”
  57. “Do not give what is holy to dogs, do not throw pearls to swine”
  58. “Enter the straight gate… straight is the gate and narrow is the road that leads to life, and few are they who enter by it”
  59. “Pray that the Lord of the harvest will send laborers”
  60. “Whoever has ears, let him hear”
  61. “If your brother offends you, go to him alone, and tell him”
  62. “Beware of covetousness”
  63. “Feed my sheep”
  64. “Go and sin no more.”
  65. “My house shall be a house of prayer”
  66. “When you make a feast, invite the poor, the maimed and the lame”
  67. “You must be born again”
  68. “Do not insult others, calling them fools”
  69. “Pray for those who persecute you”
  70. “Be perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect”
  71. “If you love me, you will keep my commandments.”
  72. “Be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth”
  73. “Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you”
  74. “Receive the Holy Ghost”
  75. “Do not blaspheme the Holy Ghost”

“For by their fruits, will they be known.” How many of you read this entire thing, and checked each one off as having been completed? “Whoever says, “I know him,” but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in that person.” Lord, have mercy on me, the chief of all sinners… There is still so much work to do.

A Brief Chronological Study on Prophecy and Fulfillment Concerning the Messiah

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Born In Bethlehem

Micah 5:2 – “But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, are only a small village in Judah. Yet a ruler of Israel will come from you, one whose origins are from the distant past.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 2:1-6 – “Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea, during the reign of King Herod. About that time some wise men from eastern lands arrived in Jerusalem, asking, ‘Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We have seen His star as it arose, and we have come to worship Him.’ Herod was deeply disturbed by their question, as was all of Jerusalem. He called a

meeting of the leading priests and teachers of religious law. ‘Where did the prophets say the Messiah would be born?’ he asked them. ‘In Bethlehem,’ they said, ‘for this is what the prophet wrote: ‘O Bethlehem of Judah, you are not just a lowly village in Judah, for a ruler will come from you who will be the shepherd for my people Israel.’”

Luke 2:4-5, 7, 15 – “And because Joseph was a descendant of King David, he had to go to Bethlehem in Judea, David’s ancient home. He traveled there from the village of Nazareth in Galilee. He took with him Mary, his fiancée, who was obviously pregnant by this time. She gave birth to her first child, a son. She wrapped Him snugly in strips of cloth and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the village inn. When the angels had returned to heaven,

the shepherds said to each other, ‘Come on, let’s go to Bethlehem! Let’s see this wonderful thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.’”

John 7:42 – “For the Scriptures clearly state that the Messiah will be born of the royal line of David, in Bethlehem, the village where King David was born.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Born Of A Virgin

Isaiah 7:14 – “All right then, the Lord Himself will choose the sign. Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son and will call Him Immanuel – ‘God is with us.’”

Isaiah 9:6-7 – “For a child is born to us, a son is given to us. And the government will rest on His shoulders. These will be His royal titles: Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. His ever expanding, peaceful government will never end. He will rule forever with fairness and justice from the throne of His ancestor David. The passionate commitment of the Lord Almighty will guarantee this!”

Fulfillment

Matthew 1:20-23 – “As he considered this, he fell asleep, and an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. ‘Joseph, son of David,’ the angel said, ‘do not be afraid to go ahead with your marriage to Mary. For the child within her has been conceived by the Holy Spirit. And she will have a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.’ All of this happened to fulfill the Lord’s message through His prophet: ‘Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son, and He will be called Immanuel (meaning, God is with us).’”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be A Prophet Like Moses

Deuteronomy 18:15 – “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your fellow Israelites, and you must listen to that prophet.”

Fulfillment

John 7:40-42 – “When the crowds heard Him say this, some of them declared, ‘This man surely is the Prophet.’ Others said, ‘He is the Messiah.’ Still others said, ‘But He can’t be! Will the Messiah come from Galilee? For the Scriptures clearly state that the Messiah will be born of the royal line of David, in Bethlehem, the village where King David was born.’” 

Acts 3:20-23 – “Then wonderful times of refreshment will come from the presence of the Lord, and He will send Jesus your Messiah to you again. For He must remain in heaven until the time for the final restoration of all things, as God promised long ago through His prophets. Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up a Prophet like me from among your own people. Listen

carefully to everything He tells you.’ Then Moses said, ‘Anyone who will not listen to that Prophet will be cut off from God’s people and utterly destroyed.’”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Tempted By Satan

Psalm 91:10-12 – “No evil will conquer you; no plague will come near your dwelling. For He orders His angels to protect you wherever you go. They will hold you with their hands to keep you from striking your foot on a stone.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 4:5-7 – “Then the Devil took Him to Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple, and said, ‘If You are the Son of God, jump off! For the Scriptures say, “He orders His angels to protect you. And they will hold you with their hands to keep you from striking your foot on a stone.”’ Jesus responded, ‘The Scriptures also say, “Do not test the Lord your God.”’”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Enter Jerusalem Triumphantly

Zechariah 9:9 – “Rejoice greatly, O people of Zion! Shout in triumph, O people of Jerusalem! Look, your king is coming to you. He is righteous and victorious, yet he is humble, riding on a donkey – even on a donkey’s colt.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 21:8-11 – “Most of the crowd spread their coats on the road ahead of Jesus, and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. He was in the center of the procession, and the crowds all around Him were shouting, ‘Praise God for the Son of David! Bless the One who comes in the name of the Lord! Praise God in highest heaven!’ The entire city of Jerusalem was stirred as He entered. ‘Who is this?’ they asked. And the crowds replied, ‘It’s Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee.’”

Luke 19:35-37 – “So they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their garments over it for Him to ride on. Then the crowds spread out their coats on the road ahead of Jesus. As they reached the place where the road started down from the Mount of Olives, all of His followers began to shout and sing as they walked along, praising God for all the wonderful miracles they had seen.”

John 12:12-15 – “The next day, the news that Jesus was on the way to Jerusalem swept through the city. A huge crowd of Passover visitors took palm branches and went down the road to meet Him. They shouted, ‘Praise God! Bless the One who comes in the name of the Lord! Hail to the King of Israel! Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, fulfilling the prophecy that said: ‘Don’t

be afraid, people of Israel. Look, your King is coming, sitting on a donkey’s colt.’”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Rejected By His Own People

Isaiah 53:1, 3 – “Who has believed our message? To whom will the Lord reveal His saving power? He was despised and rejected – a man of sorrows, acquainted with bitterest grief. We turned our backs on Him and looked the other way when He went by. He was despised, and we did not care.”

Fulfillment

John 1:10-11 – “But although the world was made through Him, the world didn’t recognize Him when He came. Even in His own land and among His own people, He was not accepted.”

John 12:37-38 – “But despite all the miraculous signs He had done, most of the people did not believe in Him. This is exactly what Isaiah the prophet had predicted: ‘Lord, who has believed our message? To whom will the Lord reveal His saving power?’”

Matthew 26:3-4 – “At that same time the leading priests and other leaders were meeting at the residence of Caiaphas, the high priest, to discuss how to capture Jesus secretly and put Him to death.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Betrayed By One Of His Followers

Psalm 41:9 – “Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.” 

Psalm 55:12-13 – “It is not an enemy who taunts me – I could bear that. It is not my foes who so arrogantly insult me – I could have hidden from them. Instead, it is you – my equal, my companion and close friend.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 26:47, 49-50a – “And even as He said this, Judas, one of the twelve disciples, arrived with a mob that was armed with swords and clubs. They had been sent out by the leading priests and other leaders of the people. So Judas came straight to Jesus. ‘Greetings, Teacher!’ he exclaimed and gave Him the kiss. Jesus said, ‘My friend, go ahead and do what you have come for.’”

Luke 22:21-22, 47b – “ ‘But here at this table, sitting among us as a friend, is the man who will betray Me. For I, the Son of Man, must die since it is part of God’s plan. But how terrible it will be for My betrayer’! A mob approached, led by Judas, one of His twelve disciples. Judas walked over to Jesus and greeted Him with a kiss.”

John 13:18, 21, 26 – “ ‘I am not saying these things to all of you; I know so well each one of you I chose. The Scriptures declare, “The one who shares My food has turned against Me,” and this will soon come true’. Now Jesus was in great anguish of spirit, and He exclaimed, ‘The truth is, one of you will betray Me!’ Jesus said, ‘It is the one to whom I give the bread dipped in the sauce.’ And when He had dipped it, He gave it to Judas, son of Simon Iscariot.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Betrayed For 30 Pieces Of Silver

Zechariah 11:12-13 – “And I said unto them, ‘If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. And the Lord said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 26:14-16 – “Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve disciples, went to the leading priests and asked, ‘How much will you pay me to betray Jesus to you?’ And they gave him thirty pieces of silver. From that time on, Judas began looking for the right time and place to betray Jesus.”

Matthew 27:3-4a – “When Judas, who had betrayed Him, realized that Jesus had been condemned to die, he was filled with remorse. So he took the thirty pieces of silver back to the leading priests and other leaders. ‘I have sinned,’ he declared, ‘for I have betrayed an innocent man.’”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Tried And Condemned

Isaiah 53:8 – “From prison and trial they led Him away to His death. But who among the people realized that He was dying for their sins – that He was suffering their punishment?”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:1-2 – “Very early in the morning, the leading priests and other leaders met again to discuss how to persuade the Roman government to sentence Jesus to death. Then they bound Him and took Him to Pilate, the Roman governor.”

Luke 23:1, 23 – “The entire council took Jesus over to Pilate, the Roman governor. But the crowd shouted louder and louder for Jesus’ death, and their voices prevailed.”

Acts 4:26-28 – “‘The kings of the earth prepared for battle; the rulers gathered together against the Lord and against His Messiah.’ That is what has happened here in this city! For Herod Antipas, Pontius Pilate the governor, the Gentiles, and the people of Israel were all united against Jesus, Your holy Servant, whom You anointed. In fact, everything they did occurred according to Your eternal will and plan.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Silent Before His Accusers

Psalm 35:11 – “Malicious witnesses testify against me. They accuse me of things I don’t even know about.”

Isaiah 53:7-8a – “He was oppressed and treated harshly, yet He never said a word. He was led as a lamb to the slaughter. And as a sheep is silent before the shearers, He did not open His mouth. From prison and trial they led Him away to His death.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:12-14 – “But when the leading priests and other leaders made their accusations against Him, Jesus remained silent. ‘Don’t you hear their many charges against You?’ Pilate demanded. But Jesus said nothing, much to the governor’s great surprise.”

Mark 15:3-5 – “Then the leading priests accused Him of many crimes, and Pilate asked Him, ‘Aren’t You going to say something? What about all these charges against You?’ But Jesus said nothing, much to Pilate’s surprise.”

1 Peter 2:22-23 – “He never sinned, and He never deceived anyone. He did not retaliate when He was insulted. When He suffered, He did not threaten to get even. He left His case in the hands of God, who always judges fairly.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Smitten And Spat Upon

Micah 5:1 – “Mobilize! Marshal your troops! The enemy is laying siege to Jerusalem. With a rod they will strike the leader of Israel in the face.” Isaiah 50:6 – “I give My back to those who beat Me and My cheeks to those who pull out My beard. I do not hide from shame, for they mock Me and spit in My face.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 26:67-68 – “Then they spit in Jesus’ face and hit Him with their fists. And some slapped Him, saying, ‘Prophesy to us, You Messiah! Who hit You that time?’”

Matthew 27:30 – “And they spit on Him and grabbed the stick and beat Him on the head with it.”

Mark 14:65a – “Then some of them began to spit at Him, and they blindfolded Him and hit His face with their fists.” 

Mark 15:19 – “And they beat Him on the head with a stick, spit on Him, and dropped to their knees in mock worship.”

John 19:1-3 – “Then Pilate had Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip. The soldiers made a crown of long, sharp thorns and put it on His head, and they put a royal purple robe on Him. ‘Hail! King of the Jews!’ they mocked, and they hit Him with their fists.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Mocked And Taunted

Psalm 22:7-8 – “Everyone who sees Me, mocks Me. They sneer and shake their heads, saying, ‘Is this the One who relies on the Lord? Then let the Lord save Him! If the Lord loves Him so much, then let the Lord rescue Him!’”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:39-40 – “And the people passing by shouted abuse, shaking their heads in mockery. ‘So! You can destroy the Temple and build it again in three days, can You? Well then, if You are the Son of God, save Yourself and come down from the cross!’”

Luke 23:11, 35 – “Now Herod and his soldiers began mocking and ridiculing Jesus. Then they put a royal robe on Him and sent Him back to Pilate. The crowd watched, and the leaders laughed and scoffed. ‘He saved others,’ they said, ‘let Him save Himself if He is really God’s Chosen One, the Messiah.’”

Prophecy

The Messiah To Die By Crucifixion, With Pierced Hands And Feet

Psalm 22:14-16 – “My life is poured out like water, and all My bones are out of joint. My heart is like wax, melting within Me. My strength has dried up like sunbaked clay. My tongue sticks to the roof of My mouth. You have laid Me in the dust and left Me for dead. My enemies surround Me like a pack of dogs; an evil gang closes in on Me. They have pierced My hands and feet.”

Zechariah 12:10a – “Then I will pour out a spirit of grace and prayer on the family of David and on all the people of Jerusalem. They will look on Me whom they have pierced and mourn for Him as for an only son.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:31 – “When they were finally tired of mocking Him, they took off the robe and put His own clothes on Him again. Then they led Him away to be crucified.”

Mark 15:20 – “When they were finally tired of mocking Him, they took off the purple robe and put His own clothes on Him again. Then they led Him away to be crucified.”

John 19:15-16 – “‘Away with Him,’ they yelled. ‘Away with Him – crucify Him!’ ‘What? Crucify your king?’ Pilate asked. ‘We have no king but Caesar,’ the leading priests shouted back. Then Pilate gave Jesus to them to be crucified.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Suffer With Sinners

Isaiah 53:12a – “I will give Him the honors of One who is mighty and great, because He exposed Himself to death. He was counted among those who were sinners.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:38 – “Two criminals were crucified with Him, their crosses on either side of His.”

Mark 15:27 – “Two criminals were crucified with Him, their crosses on either side of His.”

Luke 23:32-33 – “Two others, both criminals, were led out to be executed with Him. Finally, they came to a place called The Skull. All three were crucified there – Jesus on the center cross, and the two criminals on either side.”

Prophecy

The Messiah’s Garments Will Be Divided By Casting Lots

Psalm 22:18 – “They divide My clothes among themselves and throw dice for My garments.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:35 – “After they had nailed Him to the cross, the soldiers gambled for His clothes by throwing dice.” 

Mark 15:24 – “Then they nailed Him to the cross. They gambled for His clothes, throwing dice to decide who would get them.”

John 19:23-24a – “When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they divided His clothes among the four of them. They also took His robe, but it was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. So they said, ‘Let’s not tear it but throw dice to see who gets it.’ This fulfilled the Scripture that says, ‘They divided My clothes among themselves and threw dice for My robe.’”

Prophecy

The Messiah’s Bones Will Not Be Broken

Numbers 9:12 – “They must not leave any of the lamb until the next morning, and they must not break any of its bones. They must follow all the normal regulations concerning the Passover.”

Zechariah 12:10b – “…and they will look to me—the one whom they pierced.'” Then they will  mourn for him, as for an only son. They will grieve bitterly for him, as for a firstborn son.”

Fulfillment

John 19:31-37 – “The Jewish leaders didn’t want the victims hanging there the next day, which was the Sabbath (and a very special Sabbath at that, because it was the Passover), so they asked Pilate to hasten their deaths by ordering that their legs be broken. Then their bodies could be taken down. So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men crucified with Jesus. But when they came to Jesus, they saw that He was dead already, so they didn’t break His legs. One of the soldiers, however, pierced His side with a spear, and blood and water flowed out. This report is from an eyewitness giving an accurate account; it is presented so that you also can believe. These things happened in fulfillment of the Scriptures that say, ‘Not one of His bones will be broken,’ and ‘They will look on Him whom they pierced.’” 1 Corinthians 5:7b – “Christ, our Passover Lamb, has been sacrificed for us.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Die As A Sin Offering

Isaiah 53:5-6, 8, 12 – “But He was wounded and crushed for our sins. He was beaten that we might have peace. He was whipped, and we were healed! All of us have strayed away like sheep. We have left God’s paths to follow our own. Yet the Lord laid on Him the guilt and sins of us all. From prison and trial they led Him away to His death. But who among the people realized that He was dying for their sins – that He was suffering their punishment? I will give Him the  honors of One who is mighty and great, because He exposed Himself to death. He was counted among those who were sinners. He bore the sins of many and interceded for sinners.”

Fulfillment

John 1:29 – “The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, ‘Look! There is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” 

Acts 10:43 – “He is the One all the prophets testified about, saying that everyone who believes in Him will have their sins forgiven through His name.”

Acts 13:38-39 – “Brothers, listen! In this man Jesus there is forgiveness for your sins. Everyone who believes in Him is freed from all guilt and declared right with God – something the Jewish law could never do.”

1 Corinthians 15:3-4 – “I passed on to you what was most important and what had also been passed on to me – that Christ died for our sins, just as the Scriptures said. He was buried, and He was raised from the dead on the third day, as the Scriptures said.”

Ephesians 1:7 – “He is so rich in kindness that He purchased our freedom through the blood of His Son, and our sins are forgiven.”

1 Peter 2:24 – “He personally carried away our sins in His own body on the cross so we can be dead to sin and live for what is right. You have been healed by His wounds.”

Revelation 1:5b – “All praise to Him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by shedding His blood for us.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will See His Seed

Isaiah 53:10-11 – “But it was the Lord’s good plan to crush Him and fill Him with grief. Yet when His life is made an offering for sin, He will have a multitude of children, many heirs. He will enjoy a long life, and the Lord’s plan will prosper in His hands. When He sees all that is accomplished by His anguish, He will be satisfied. And because of what He has experienced, My Righteous Servant will make it possible for many to be counted righteous, for He will bear all their sins.”

Fulfillment

Ephesians 1:4-5, 21-23 – “Long ago, even before He made the world, God loved us and chose us in Christ to be holy and without fault in His eyes. His unchanging plan has always been to adopt us into His own family by bringing us to Himself through Jesus Christ. And this gave Him great pleasure. Now He is far above any ruler or authority or power or leader or anything else

in this world or in the world to come. And God has put all things under the authority of Christ, and He gave Him this authority for the benefit of the church. And the church is His body; it is filled by Christ, who fills everything everywhere with His presence.”

Hebrews 12:2 – “We do this by keeping our eyes on Jesus, on whom our faith depends from start to finish. He was willing to die a shameful death on the cross because of the joy He knew would be His afterward. Now He is seated in the place of highest honor beside God’s throne in heaven.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Buried In A Rich Man’s Tomb

Isaiah 53:9 – “He had done no wrong, and He never deceived anyone. But He was buried like a criminal; He was put in a rich man’s grave.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 27:57-60 – “As evening approached, Joseph, a rich man from Arimathea who was one of Jesus’ followers, went to Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. And Pilate issued an order to release it to him. Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a long linen cloth. He placed it in his own new tomb, which had been carved out of the rock. Then he rolled a great stone across the

entrance as he left.”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Be Raised From The Dead

Psalm 16:10 – “For You will not leave my soul among the dead or allow Your Godly One to rot in the grave.”

Psalm 30:3 – “You brought me up from the grave, O Lord. You kept me from falling into the pit of death.”

Fulfillment

Matthew 28:5-7 – “Then the angel spoke to the women. ‘Don’t be afraid!’ he said. ‘I know you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. He isn’t here! He has been raised from the dead, just as He said would happen. Come, see where His body was lying. And now, go quickly and tell His disciples He has been raised from the dead, and He is going ahead of you to Galilee. You will see Him there. Remember, I have told you.’”

Mark 16:6-7 – “The angel said, ‘Do not be so surprised. You are looking for Jesus, the Nazarene, who was crucified. He isn’t here! He has been raised from the dead! Look, this is where they laid His body. Now go and give this message to His disciples, including Peter: Jesus is going ahead of you to Galilee. You will see Him there, just as He told you before He died.’”

Acts 2:27-31 – “‘For You will not leave my soul among the dead or allow your Holy One to rot in the grave. You have shown me the way of life, and You will give me wonderful joy in Your presence.’ Dear brothers, think about this! David wasn’t referring to himself when he spoke these words I have quoted, for he died and was buried, and his tomb is still here among us. But he was a prophet, and he knew God had promised with an oath that one of David’s own descendants

would sit on David’s throne as the Messiah. David was looking into the future and predicting the Messiah’s resurrection. He was saying that the Messiah would not be left among the dead and that His body would not rot in the grave.’”

1 Corinthians 15:17, 20 – “And if Christ has not been raised, then your faith is useless, and you are still under condemnation for your sins. But the fact is that Christ has been raised from the dead. He has become the first of a great harvest of those who will be raised to life again.’”

Prophecy

The Messiah Will Sit At God’s Right Hand

Psalm 110:1 – “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit in honor at My right hand until I humble Your enemies, making them a footstool under Your feet.’”

Fulfillment

Mark 16:19 – “When the Lord Jesus had finished talking with them, He was taken up into heaven and sat down in the place of honor at God’s right hand.”

Acts 2:32-36 – “This prophecy was speaking of Jesus, whom God raised from the dead, and we all are witnesses of this. Now He sits on the throne of highest honor in heaven, at God’s right hand. And the Father, as He had promised, gave Him the Holy Spirit to pour out upon us, just as you see and hear today. For David himself never ascended into heaven, yet he said, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit in honor at My right hand until I humble Your enemies, making them a footstool under Your feet.”’ So let it be clearly known by everyone in Israel that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified to be both Lord and Messiah!”

Hebrews 10:12-13 – “But our High Priest offered Himself to God as one sacrifice for sins, good for all time. Then He sat down at the place of highest honor at God’s right hand. There He waits until His enemies are humbled as a footstool under His feet.”

On the Genealogy of Christ – A Study on the Human Roots of Christ

Of the four women mentioned in the genealogy other than Mary, none were of the seed of Abraham. Tamar was a daughter of the land (probably a descendant of Ham). Rahab was of Jericho probably a Canaanites. Ruth was a descendant of Lot.  Christ, therefore, did not descend from a pure Jewish stock, rather, This would, from the Christian perspective, make Him a truly universal Messiah!  Rahab was a harlot, and Tamar posed as one to get Judah (her father-in-law) to impregnate her. Bathsheba, mother of Solomon, was an adulteress. The women Tamar, Rahab and Ruth, and Bathsheba all bore their sons through unions that were “regular.” These “irregularities” prefigure the ultimate “irregularity” of the Messiah’s birth of a virgin mother.  There were other irregularities in this family tree also. Micaiah was the great-granddaughter of David, and Rehoboam was David’s grandson – making them cousins, and too close to be married by today’s standards. 

The first individual mentioned in the bloodline of Christ is Abraham.  The most common question that people reading the genealogy have is: why does the genealogy begin with Abraham and not with Adam?  Those not listed in the Gospel from Adam to Abraham are Adam, Seth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah, Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, and Terah. Why are these generations skipped? Was the Messiah not promised to Adam in Genesis 3:15? One of the many possible answers is: It is Abraham with whom God made a covenant. The Covenant was fourfold: God would make Abraham’s descendants a great nation. God would bless Abraham materially and make his name great. God would protect Abraham by blessing those that blessed him and cursing those that opposed Abraham.  God would bless all the families of the earth through Abraham.  The culmination of this covenant was the coming of Christ to redeem mankind as promised, and all nations of the world were indeed blessed through Abraham as a result.

Abraham:  When God called Abram he was in a city in Babylonia, named Ur of the Chaldees. Abraham’s father, Terah according to Joshua 24:2, worshiped idols. Jewish tradition refers to Terah as an idol maker. Ur was an idolatrous city worshiping many different Gods such as the god of fire, moon, sun, and stars.  Abraham heard the voice of God. There is no hint that when God spoke to him that he questioned who God was. Further, he did not confuse the voice of God with the idols and false Gods that his father worshiped. He knew who was speaking to him.  

Isaac:  The firstborn of Sarah to Abraham.  He was the son who was to have been sacrificed to God by divine decree, but at the last moment, God sent an angel to spare him.  Isaac was, like his father, in the business of digging wells.  He married Rebekah and sired Jacob and Esau.

Jacob: Born pulling the ankle of his brother, Esau.  Later on in life, he tricked his father into bestowing the birthright upon him by wearing animal fur, after having purchased it from Esau for a bowl of soup.  Jacob had twelve sons and at least one daughter, by his two wives, Leah and Rachel, and by their female slaves Bilhah and Zilpah. He was renamed Israel by the angel after wrestling with the angel through the night.  Was at odds with his brother Esau throughout most of their life until he returned from working for Laban for twenty years.  At this time they were reconciled.  Later on, he journeyed to Egypt with his household due to famine and discovered that his son Joseph had not been slain, but had been elevated to viceroy in Egypt.  

Judah (Tamar):  Judah receives the blessing from his father, not because he is the firstborn, but because of the behaviour of his older brothers.  Reuben, the eldest, is skipped for his having had sexual relations with his father’s concubine.  Simeon and Levi were the next in line, but as a result of their violence and temperament, they too are skipped for the blessing.  As a result, Judah is blessed with “the scepter shall not depart from Judah” and is given kingship over his brothers.  Judah’s union with Tamar is a complicated one, in which she marries his eldest son Er, whom the Lord kills for his actions.  Then she is married to the next oldest, Onan, who refuses to provide offspring for his brother and spills his seed rather than impregnating her.  Shelah, his youngest is too young, so Judah advises her to wait.  When Shelah comes of age, Judah does not give him to her in marriage.  She then disguises as a prostitute and tricks Judah into having intercourse with her.  When she is found to be pregnant, he intends to kill her until she provides his staff to him and he realizes his sin.

Phares: Not much is mentioned other than he is a twin son of Zerah, through Judah and Tamar.

Esrom:  The older of the two sons of Perez.  He is mentioned in Chronicles as being among the youngest generation of the 70 Israelites to migrate to Egypt during the famine with Jacob. 

Aram: Aram is the son of Esrom and the father of Amminadab. No mention other than genealogies.

Aminadab: Born during the Israelite Exile in Egypt.  Married Aaron the priest’s daughter, Elisheva. Fathered Nasson, chief of the tribe of Judah.

Nasson:  Exodus records him as being at least twenty years of age during the Exodus from Egypt and the census taken in the wilderness.  He was appointed by Moses as the chief of the tribe of Judah.  Nasson died before the entry into the promised land.

Salmon (Rahab): Salmon married Rahab the harlot, who at the city of Jericho hid the two Israelite spies that Joshua had sent to scout out the city under a bundle of flax on her roof.  She later lowered them out her window, and as a sign to the attacking Israelites, agreed to hang a red cord out of her window so that her family would be spared.  She, like Tamar, is not from an Israelite stock, but was a Canaanite. 

Boaz (Ruth): A wealthy landowner that marries Ruth.  Ruth came to be seen by Boaz gleaning wheat in the fields with her mother in law Nomi.  She remained with her mother in law, though her husband had died.  Boaz, after marrying her, purchased the lands that Naomi had been forced to sell and placed them back within the hands of the “Elimelech” line.  He also dedicates his firstborn through Ruth as the offspring of Elimelech.

Obed: Obed is the Son of Boaz and the father of Jesse. No mention other than genealogies.

Jesse: Jesse meaning “God exists” or “God’s gift”, had eight sons and two daughters, but he is known to Bible History primarily because of his youngest son, the one who became King David. As such, Jesse was a key ancestor of Jesus Christ. Not much more is mentioned about him other than prophetic writings regarding his son David, and a root of Jesse from which the Messiah is to come.

David (Bathsheba): David son of Jesse, was the second king (after Saul) of the united kingdom of Israel. David is portrayed before his rise to the throne, as a humble shepherd tending sheep, and slaying any creature that dared to attack his flock. His rise to fame began when Israel faced the Philistines in the valley of Elah. None in Israel was brave enough to face the Philistine champion, Goliath. David, believing fully in the power of the Lord God of Israel, volunteered to fight the giant. Saul first tried to fit David with armour, but David refused, choosing to use only five smooth stones found in the stream, and a slingshot. After slaying the giant and removing his head, the Philistines fled. Over the next few years, David has an on and off relationship with Saul, at times fleeing him in fear for his life. Jonathan, Saul’s son, however; forms a close bond with David and aids him in knowing the ever-changing moods and intent of Saul. After both Saul and his son David are slain by the Philistines (Saul took his own life by falling on his own sword) David is anointed king by Samuel. David is also highly known in his dealings with Uriah the Hittite in order to take Uriah’s wife Bathsheba for himself. Davids sons Adonijah and Absalom rebel against him, in the end, dying or being slain, leaving Solomon as heir to the throne. The entire book of Psalms is, by tradition, attributed to David’s authorship.

Solomon: The son of David and final ruler of the United Kingdom of Israel which spit into Israel and Judah following his death. Solomon is most popularly known for his construction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was granted wisdom by God and is stated to be the wisest man ever. In one tale, he rightly judges the true mother of a surviving child between two women, one of whose child died. On his relationship with the queen of Sheba and his control of demons, there is much Talmudic lore, but there is no Biblical evidence for such. He is said to have had  Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines, and an amazing number of horses and chariots.

Rehoboam: Rehoboam inherited a united kingdom of Israel which he ruled until the ten northern tribes of Israel rebelled and split away. The initial rebellion resulted from the fear of the people, that he would continue to tax them excessively just as Solomon had done to finance the construction of the Temple and of his Palace. Foolishly listening to his advisors and fearing to show weakness, he proclaimed to the people that he would tax the people ten times more than his father had. In the end, his kingdom (Judah) fell to the Egyptians with him being left as a tributary of the Egyptian kings.

Abijam: Abijam was the son  Micaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, and the granddaughter of King David’s rebellious son Absalom. The biblical narrative has him going to extreme lengths in order to reunite the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. Abijam successfully defeats Jeroboam, however is ultimately unsuccessful in reuniting the kingdom. 

Asa: Asa is best known for his insistence in the worship of the God of Israel, and the destruction of idols. He is credited with rebelling successfully against Egypt and liberating the kingdom of Judah. In his reign, the Bible specifically mentions there being “peace in the land”. Chastised by the prophet Hanani for relying on the kingdom of Syria rather than solely relying on the Divine, he threw the prophet into prison. In his thirty-ninth year of kingship, he contracted an incurable disease and died two years later.

Jehoshaphat: Son of Azubah, the wife of his father King Asa and daughter of Shilhi. He succeeded his father at the age of thirty-five, and reigned over the kingdom of Judah for twenty-five years. He spent the first five years of his reign fighting off the advances of the kingdom of Israel. He is credited for destroying idolatry (cult of Baal) and for rooting out sexual immorality from the kingdom. The final note in his kingly record is when the Moabites rallied to invade his kingdom. When they encamped at Ein Gedi, King Jehoshaphat and the entire kingdom took to prayer and fasting. The next day, the Moabite army was seen to be quarreling and fighting among themselves, eventually defeating themselves without any intervention from the army of Jehosaphat. 

Joram:  Joram succeeded his father at the age of thirty-two, ruling for only eight years. In order to ensure that his reign remained uncontested, he slew all of his brothers.  He forged an extremely shaky alliance with the kingdom of Israel by marrying Athaliah, the daughter of King Ahab. The Bible states that he abandoned the God of his fathers, and as punishment, the Lord sent a raid party consisting of Philistines, Arabs, and Ethiopians who despoiled the king’s palace, carrying off his entire family with the exception of his youngest son Jehoahaz.

Ozias: Ozias was the son of Amaziah, who was the son of Joash who was the son of Ahaziah, who was the son of Joram. It is unclear why the genealogy presented skips these three generations. He ascended to the throne at the age of eighteen and reigned for fifty-two years. The prophet Zechariah was active during his reign. The Bible states that during his reign, he did what was right in the sight of the Lord, and infers that this is why he had the most prosperous reign after Solomon. In the end, though, his pride was his undoing when he entered the temple in order to burn incense on the altar of incense (a duty reserved to the priests of the line of Aaron). Azariah the High Priest and a few other priests opposed him in this move and an earthquake occurred with rays of light from the cracks in the earth shining on Ozias, casting leprosy upon him. After this, he dwelt in solitude until his death.

As a side note: This strange skipping of generations creates an anomaly the mentioned generations that existed in the listed genealogies, throwing off the count of fourteen generations, fourteen generations, and fourteen generations. The use of fourteen is speculated to be because fourteen is the numerical value of the Hebrew letters forming the name of David. In Hebrew numerology, this solidifies his place as a king. Furthermore, in the final grouping, there are only thirteen names. This may be because Matthew took a little poetic license here to force each grouping to appear as fourteen generations, or may be because the writer added Jesus as the fourteenth name. Some scholars suggest that Jesus who is called the Messiah doubles the final member of the chain.

Joatham: Joatham ascended to the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned for sixteen years. He reigned for sixteen years until he was replaced with his son Achaz by the Syrian rulers of Judah. He is recorded to have waged war against  Rezin, king of the Arameans, and Pekah, king of Israel. The prophets Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, and Micah preached and prophesied during his reign. He is credited with rebuilding the temple walls, and with defeating the kingdom of the Ammonites.

Achatz: Achatz was placed on the throne of his father at the age of twenty by the Syrian rulers of Judah. He reigned for sixteen years. The Bible makes clear that he was wicked, and credits him with introducing idols and idolatrous cults to Judah. He even went so far as to erect an idol in the temple of the Lord. When he died at the age of thirty-six, he was deemed unworthy because of his wickedness, and he was not buried with his ancestors. 

Ezekias: Ezekias succeeded his wicked father at the age of twenty-five, and his first act was to instruct the priests and Levites to open and repair the doors of the Temple and to remove the defilements of the sanctuary. His mother was Abijah, who was the daughter of the high priest, Zechariah. His wife was Hephzibah, who was noted as being “God-fearing”. Ezekias is credited with abolishing idol worship throughout his kingdom and restoring worship of the God of Israel. He witnessed the Assyrian conquest of the kingdom of Israel, and himself refused to pay tribute to Sennacherib. As a result, Sennacherib marched also against Judah but failed to conquer the kingdom. Isaiah and Micah prophesied during his reign. Ezekias reigned over the kingdom of Judah for twenty-nine years. 

Mannases: Mannases was the only son of Ezekias and Hephzibah. He ascended the throne at the age of twelve and reigned over the kingdom of Judah for fifty-five years. He is said to have been wicked, undoing the religious reforms of his father and instituting pagan worship and idolatry. He was married to Meshullemeth, daughter of Harus of Jotbah. He reigned for fifty-five years, after which he was buried in the garden of Uzza rather than in the tombs of his ancestors. 

Ammon: Ammon followed in the footsteps of his father, encouraging and propagating idolatry, which led to a revolt culminating in his assassination at the hands of his own servants. The Bible states that Ammon “did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, as did Manasseh his father. And he walked in all the way that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them.”He was married to Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Bozkath. He ascended to the throne at the age of twenty-two and ruled for only two years. 

Josiah: Josiah ascended to the throne at the age of eight, and reigned over the kingdom of Judah for thirty-one years. Josias had four sons: Johanan and Eliakim with Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah, and two more sons, Mattanyahu and Shallum with Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. Josias ordered his High Priest Hilkiah to use the tax money which had been collected over the years, in order to restore the temple. During these renovations, Hilkiah discovered the Book of the Law while clearing the treasure room of the Temple. Hilkiah then brought this scroll to Josias’ attention, who then ordered that it be read to the people in Jerusalem. Josias is credited with destroying the pagan objects related to the worship of Baal and Asherah and executing their priests. Josias was killed during a Babylonian invasion.

Jechonias: Jechonias ascended the throne at the age of eighteen, and reigned for only three years and ten days until he and all of the influential leaders of Judah were lead in exile to Babylon. Jechonias was released from prison “in the 37th year of the exile” when Evil-Merodach ascended to the throne of Babylon. Jeremiah cursed Jechonias stating that none of his descendants would ever sit on the throne of Israel. This is particularly interesting, as he is included in the lineage of Christ, who is said to be the Messiah and King, who will sit on the throne of His father David.

Salathiel: Though Salathiel never sat on the throne, Salathiel was regarded as the second Exilarch of Judah during the Babylonian captivity. His genealogy is not entirely clear and does not match up in the Matthew and Luke genealogical accounts.

Zerubbabel: Zerubbabel was assigned as the governor of the Persian Province of Judah, as he was next surviving in line for the throne of Jechonias. The Bible account assigns him as being a close associate of Jeshua son of Jehozadak. These two men are recorded as having led the Jewish refugees from exile back to Jerusalem and are stated to have begun reconstruction of the temple. He appears in the prophecies of both Haggai and Zechariah. “I will take you Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, my servant, and wear you like a signet ring; for it is you whom I have chosen. This is the word of the Lord of Hosts” and “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; (concerning the rebuilding of the temple) his hands shall also complete it.”. 

Abiud: Abiud is the son of Zerubbabel and the father of Eliakim. No mention other than genealogies.

Eliakim: Eliakim is the son of Abiud and the father of Azor. No mention other than genealogies.

Azor: Azor is the son of Eliakim and the father of Zadok. No mention other than genealogies.

Zadok: Zadok is the son of Azor and the father of Achim. No mention other than genealogies.

Achim: Achim is the son of Zadok and the father of Eliud. No mention other than genealogies.

Eliud: Eliud is the son of Achim and the father of Eleazar. No mention other than genealogies.

Eliazar: Eliazar is the son of Eliud and the father of Matthan. No mention other than genealogies.

Matthan: Matthan is the son of Eleazar and the father of Jacob. No mention other than genealogies.

Jacob: Jacob is the son of Matthan and the father of Joseph. No mention other than genealogies.

Joseph (Mary):  Joseph is stated as being a resident of Nazareth who travels to Bethlehem in compliance with the Roman census. At this time, Joseph was betrothed to Mary. The story of Mary here begins with the Angel Gabriel appearing to her and telling her that she shall conceive and bear a child who is the son of God. The Bible states that this annunciation occurred in the sixth month of her cousin Elizabeth’s (mother of John the Baptist) pregnancy. “And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: (Though as a descendant of Jechonias, cursed by Jeremiah)  And he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” Prior to his journey, he learns of Mary’s pregnancy, and have had no relations with her, decides to quietly break off the engagement. However, an angel appears to him telling him not to fear to take Mary as his wife, stating that the child which is conceived within her is of the Holy Spirit. While in Bethlehem, Jesus is born in a manger, because “there was no room for them in the inn. After the birth of Jesus Joseph receives an angelic messenger in a dream telling him to take the child and to flee to Egypt. Not long thereafter, all male children up to the age of two in the region were ordered slain by Herod. Upon the death of Herod, Joseph returns to Nazareth. The Biblical narrative records this as fulfillment of the Old Testament words, “Out of Egypt I have called forth my son.”. Joseph is referred to in the Gospels as a Carpenter, Smith or Artisan. Joseph is mentioned beyond that only in the episode in which Jesus is left behind at the Temple, and the Gospels record “His parents” as looking for Him. The plural indicates that Joseph was at the time, present. We do know from Matthew, chapter one, that he was an excellent earthly example of integrity and righteousness, however, nothing else is presented in the Bible as to the personage of Joseph, or as to his demise.  

Mary: Mary is scarcely mentioned in the gospels either, though more often than her husband. She occurs only twenty-one times in the New Testament. Luke’s gospel mentions Mary, identifying her by name twelve times in the infancy narrative. Matthew’s gospel mentions her by name five times, four being within the infancy narrative and only one “Is not this the carpenter’s son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?” outside the infancy narrative. Mark’s gospel names her only once “Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offense at him.” and mentions her as Jesus’ mother without naming her ”There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing without, sent unto him, calling him.”. John’s gospel refers to her twice but never mentions her by name. Described as Jesus’ mother, she makes two appearances in John’s gospel. She is first seen at the wedding at Cana of Galilee. The second reference in John, mentions her standing near the cross of her son together with the “disciple whom Jesus loved. In the Book of Acts, Mary and the “brothers of Jesus” are mentioned in the company of the eleven who are gathered in the upper room following the ascension.